Tuesday, March 16, 2010

50 Things About Sub-Sahara Africa

From the recently released World Bank Development Indicator Report, facts about Sub Sahara Africa (excludes North Africa)

1. The largest population in SSA is 151.3 million in Nigeria; the smallest is 0.1 million in Seychelles.

2. The highest connection charge for a business phone is $366.6 in Benin; the lowest is in Ghana at $0.7.

3. South Africa's and Nigeria's GDP in nominal prices comprised over fifty percent (51.4 percent) of total SSA's GDP.

4. South Africa has 924 mobile phones per 1000 people; Eritrea has 22 per 1000 people.

5. SSA GDP growth was 5.1 percent. Angola had the largest growth at 14.8 percent while the lowest was Botswana with a negative growth (-1.0 percent). 28

6. South Africa has the longest rail lines of 24,487 km and Uganda has the shortest of 259 km.

7. South Africa has SSA's largest real GDP ($183 billion); the smallest is Guinea Bissau ($202 million). 

8. In 2010, starting a business in Guinea requires 213 days for each procedure; it takes 3 days in Rwanda.

9. Equatorial Guinea has SSA's highest GNI per capita ($14,980); Burundi has the lowest ($140).

10. In 2010, Sudan has the highest number of procedures to enforce contracts of 53; Rwanda has the lowest of 24.

11. The total GDP per capita of the richest 10 African countries was 25.2 times of the poorest 10. 

12. It takes 16.6 days average time to clear customs on direct exports in Cote d'Ivoire and 3.8 days in Gabon; conversely for imports it takes 31.4 days in the Republic of Congo and 4.4 days in Lesotho.

13. Between 1990 and 1999 PPP GDP per capita growth was 15 percent ($1,158.9 to $1,327.8) for Sub-Saharan Africa; in between 2000 and 2008 it was 54 percent ($1,372.9 to $2,113.9).

14. Firms indentifying corruption as a major constraint was highest in Côte d'Ivoire at 75.0 percent, whilst the lowest is Ghana 9.9 percent

15. Exports rose from $319.0 billion in 2007 to $413.7 billion in 2008, a 29.7 percent rise; conversely, imports rose less than exports, from $305.3 billion in 2007 to $372.1 billion in 2008, a 21.8 percent rise. 

16. The percentage of firms expected to give gifts to secure a government contract is highest in Congo Republic are 75.2 percent and lowest for Mauricia at 8.8 percent.

17. Total trade as percentage of GDP is the highest in Seychelles, 283.4 percent and lowest in Central Africa Republic, 37.5 percent. 

18. Djibouti has the most urbanized population (84.6 percent); Burundi the least (10.4 percent).

19. In two thirds of SSA countries, one or two products are responsible for at least 75 percent of the country's total exports.

20. For the period 2000-07, the share of poorest 20 percent in national consumption or income was lowest in Angola at 2 percent; in Ethiopia it was 9.3 percent. (MDG 1)

21. On average, the merchandise export within trade blocs is 8.4 percent of total bloc exports.

22. In Burundi, 38.9 percent of children under the age of five are underweight. In Gabon they are 8.8 percent. (MDG 1)

23. Cape Verde receives the highest net ODA per capita ($438.2); Nigeria receives the lowest ($9.5). 

24. On average, between 2004 and 2006, South Africa and Gabon had less than 5 percent of population below the minimum dietary energy consumption; conversely Democratic Republic of Congo had the highest at 75 percent. (MDG1)

25. The highest private sector fixed capital formation as share of GDP is Cape Verde at 33.7 percent; the lowest is Angola at 1.8 percent. 

26. Thirty seven percent of children who start first grade reach grade five in Chad, while in Mauritius 99 percent reach fifth grade. (MDG 2).

27. In Guinea-Bissau, the agriculture value-added as percentage of GDP is 51.5 percent; in Botswana it is 1.6 percent. 

28. The lowest net primary enrolment ratio is found in Liberia (30.9 percent); the highest is in Sao Tome and Principe (97.1 per cent). (MDG 2).

29. South Africa uses the most electric power per person (4,809.0kW/h); Ethiopia uses the least (38.4 kW/h).

30. Youth literacy (ages 15-24) is highest in Gabon at 97 percent and lowest Burkina Faso at 39.3 percent. (MDG 2)

31. In 2007, Burundi has the highest proportion of women in its labor force (90.2 percent); Sudan has the lowest (32.8 percent).

32. Women in national parliament total seats are the highest with 56.3 percent in Rwanda and the lowest with 1.8 percent in Sao Tome and Principe. (MDG 3)

33. Equatorial Guinea has the highest proportion of men in its labor force (93.8 percent); Namibia has the lowest (60.3 percent). 

34. In Sierra Leone 155 out of 1,000 children die before the age of one; in Seychelles the rate is 12 per 1,000. (MDG 4)

35. In 2007, almost one in every three 15-49 year olds in Swaziland has contracted HIV (26.1 percent); the rate is one in every thousand in Mauritania.

36. In Sierra Leone 272 children per 1,000 die before the age of five; in Seychelles, the rate is 13 per 1,000. (MDG 4, IDA 2)

37. For the period 2007-08, Seychelles has the highest life expectancy (73 years); Mozambique has the lowest (42 years).

38. Skilled personnel attend 5.7 percent of births in Ethiopia; they attend 98.4 percent of births in Mauritius. (MDG 5, IDA 4)

39. In the decade (1997-2007) Rwanda and Sierra Leone have made the greatest gains in life expectancy: 11 and 8 years respectively. Conversely, life expectancy has decreased 13 years in Lesotho, and 10 years in South Africa and Swaziland.

40. Contraceptive use (any method) is highest in Mauritius at 75.8 percent; lowest is Chad at 2.8 per cent. (MDG 6)

41. For the period 2007, Zimbabwe has the highest adult literacy rate (91.2 percent); Mali and Burkina Faso have the lowest (28.7 percent).

42. In Chad, 9 percent of the population has access to improved sanitation facilities; in Mauritius 94 percent have such access. (MDG 7)

43. In Seychelles, 92 percent of women are literate; the figure is 13 percent for Chad and 15 percent for Niger. 47

44. In Somalia, 29 percent of the population has access to a safe source of water. In Mauritius, it is 100 percent. (MDG 7)

45. Cape Verde has the highest gross enrolment rate in secondary education (90 percent); Niger has the lowest (11 percent).

46. Gabon has the highest forest area as a percentage of total land area at 84.4 percent, whilst Djibouti has the lowest at 0.2 percent. (MDG7)

47. In Mauritius there are 22 children per primary school teacher; there are 91 in Central African Republic.

48. South Africa has the highest carbon dioxide emissions of 414,649 metric tons, whilst Comoros has the lowest of 88 metric tons. (MDG 7)

49. In Burundi, 63.1 percent of children under the age of 5 are short for their age; in Senegal it is 20.1 percent. Same fact than below – to be removed

50. In Sierra Leone 3 persons per 1,000 are Internet users; there are 371 in every 1,000 people in Seychelles, which also had 212 computers per 1,000 people for the period 2005-07. (MDG 8).


Mena UkodoisReady said...

Interesting information...

Then again, I am suspicious of 'surveys' done by certain organisations where they whiter you are the more developed and the darker you are the less!!

Seyi said...

@Mena...thanks for stopping by.

Few have also criticised the use of the word "sub-sahara". They believe it was coined by the west to put us down.